6 Types of Scars and How to Treat Them

6 Types of Scars and How to Treat Them

Every scar has a story to tell, particularly those severe ones which require time to heal. Unless you desire that rough, macho look, you definitely dislike having scars on your body. Receiving a scar hurts, but it becomes more painful if it’s located on an exposed part of your body. 

Before you start exploring ways to rid yourself of any kind of scar, you need to find out what type it is. It is important to note that not all scars form in the same way, and therefore, the treatment for each scar is specific. So, it’s essential that you know your scar before treating it in order to achieve perfect and immediate results. However, let’s first understand the factors that influence the appearance of a scar.

What It Takes to Make a Scar

InjuryThe formation of a scar is a natural healing process that occurs after you are injured. True scars are caused by a change to skin tissues, which is a part of the healing phase we previously mentioned. When white blood cells attack bacteria, they cause changes in the underlying skin cells present in the surrounding area. This causes the scar to become more visible.

The skin of younger individuals is resilient and elastic, compared to older people. Thus, an elderly person develops a more severe scar than a child would when recovering from the same type of injury. Elders should be very careful when looking after their wounds. Most importantly, anyone who is injured should resort to immediate treatment for best results.

Medicines and birth control drugs can make the appearance of a scar more apparent. Small blemishes that would otherwise not be so apparent often are more noticeable on those taking certain medicines, since they affect the pigmentation of the skin.

The appearance and the severity of a scar is dependent on various factors, such as:

  • Birth control drugsSize and depth of the incision or wound
  • Location of the wound on the body
  • Blood supply to the area
  • Type, color, and thickness of the individual’s skin tone
  • Direction of the scar
  • Age of your skin.
  • Medications you are taking.

Different Scars, Different Treatments

There are numerous kinds of scars, and all of them have a negative effect on the person who acquires them. Scars are usually a painful memory or a bad experience that can lower the self-esteem of a bearer, especially if the unpleasant scar is lodged on the face or another inconvenient location.

Below are listed various different kinds of scars that you must know about before you can treat yours effectively:

1. Atrophic Scars

Atrophic ScarsThese are the type of scars that are depressed, serrated or flat against the upper layer of the skin. Sometimes such a type of scarring is considered hyperpigmentation, which is a condition where the certain areas of skin develop darker skin pigmentation compared to other areas.

Hyperpigmentation is a skin discoloration that usually fades with the passage of time and proper medicine. Contrary to hyperpigmentation, atrophic scars are caused by tissue damage.

2. Hypertrophic Scars

Such type of scars are elevated and raised in appearance. As compared to atrophic scars characterized by loss of tissue, hypertrophic scars occur because of the excessive tissue that develops over skin openings caused by infections or wounds.

Hypertrophic scars are somewhat similar to keloid scars in their characteristics and appearance; however, they form only on the areas of injury. Just like keloids, you can treat hypertrophic scars with silicone sheets and steroids.

3. Keloid Scars

Such types of scars appear when the skin goes through an aggressive healing phase. The result is a clustered and thick scar that appears darker than the surrounding skin. Keloids are caused by injuries, particularly when the body secretes excess collagen on the affected area, even after the original wound has healed and closed.

In simple words, keloids form when the healing phase has gone too far, and the body has done all the necessary repair beyond the damage. It is essential to note that in various cases, the extent of healing also affects the movement of the affected area. Keloids are often spotted on dark skinned people, as well.

It is easy to treat keloids through surgery. They can also be cured through the application of silicone sheets and steroid injections. Minor keloids are often treated by using liquid nitrogen applied on the affected area for quicker fading.

4. Scar Contractures

Such type of scarring happens when you are burned. The burn is most often present on the joints and creases. Scar contractures tighten the affected skin and may affect your movement and flexibility.

These types of scars can make your skin look ruined. If the contracture scarring is deep, then it may also disrupt the normal functioning of your nerves and muscles.

5. Stretch Marks

Stretch marks are other types of scars that happen mostly to people who have experienced extreme weight loss and teenagers, as well as obese people and pregnant women.

The skin tears, particularly on the buttocks, thighs and breast areas when a person grows or shrinks too fast. Initially, stretch marks may look red or purple in color, but over time they lighten, and look lighter or silver in color.

6. Acne Scars

Acne ScarsAcne and pimples usually heal after some period of time, but the marks they leave make some unpleasant scars.

Acne scarring is caused as a result of severe acne. There are various forms of acne scars that differ in their type and depth. Also, the treatment of acne scars is dependent on the type of scars you have.

7. Ice Pick Scars

Ice pick scars are pores that are open and large. They are narrow and deep marks that go beyond the uppermost layer of the skin.

Ice pick scars are actually pores that form when acne infections reach the skin surface and destruct skin tissue along the way. These are generally found on the areas where the acne tends to break out more frequently. Ice pick scars are atrophic and may also happen when you pick on the blackheads and whiteheads. They can be either soft or hard, and have a tendency to prevail in the cheek area.

8. Boxcar Scars

Boxcar ScarsBoxcar scars are wider than the ice pick scars and are atrophic in nature.  They occur after a severe acne breakout and inflammation, which destructs the collagen in the skin.

The damage done to the skin tissue causes the pitted appearance of boxcar scarring.

9. Rolling Scars

Rolling scars are hypertrophic scars that appear wave-like. These scars roll in wide and shallow rows over the skin. When skin infection occurs, the subcutaneous tissue of the skin form fibrous bands of tissue, which tweaks down the outer layer of the skin.

Due to this, the epidermis, the naturally smooth surface of the skin, forms grooves that look like they are rolling over the skin.

Possible Ways to Treat Scars

DermatologistThere are numerous treatments available for various kinds of scars, ranging from over-the-counter remedies to clinical treatment options.

Once the scar type is identified, your dermatologist can find the proper treatment that is best suited for your scars and skin type.

Even though scars look ugly, the good news is that there are treatment options available for every kind of scar. Below are listed effective types of treatments that can treat each individual scar.

  • Topical Treatments

Topical scars treatments include gels, lotions and creams that are specifically formulated to eradicate or smoothen slight marks that are caused by wounds or minor cuts.

Individuals who don’t have any concerns with allergies can safely use over-the-counter creams. However, if your skin is sensitive and subject to allergy and itching, prescription topical treatment is the one that you may need.

  • Vitamin C

LemonExperts indicate that vitamin C is an effective treatment for reducing the dark pigment that is caused due to scarring. Vitamin C serums are easily available on the market for fading stubborn scars on skin.

If you are fond of natural treatments, then you can consider using lemon juice on your skin. To make therapeutic skin fairness lotion for your skin, mix equal amount of lemon juice, rosewater and glycerin in equal amounts and store in the refrigerator. Use it every night before retiring to bed.

You should bear in mind that vitamin E, which was earlier considered a potent treatment of curing scars, is rejected by dermatologists. The research shows that more than 30 percent of people who used vitamin E for treating scars were afflicted with contact dermatitis.

  • Skin Grafting

Skin GraftingSkin grafting is a surgical method where the surgeon takes the skin from other parts of the body and transplants it to the damaged, scarred area. Skin grafting is a popular process used for treating patients with burns.

These are a few of the common treatments for eliminating common types of scars. Other skin treatment options, such as chemical peels, are costly, as well as lengthy processes that are usually conducted in dermatologist clinics. Scars caused by surgery require special attention and usually take a longer time to fade.

Treatment Options for Acne Scars

Acne is one of the common causes of scars. Scars due to acne not only ruin the skin texture of an individual, but also their confidence. Read on to know a few of the treatment options for acne scars:

  • Dermabrasion

DermabrasionDermabrasion is a skin treatment that involves the removal of the uppermost layer of the skin. Also, known as abrasion, this treatment is very painful and requires anesthesia.

The practitioner makes use of a high-speed brush to sloughs off the uppermost layer of the epidermis of the skin.

Dermabrasion is an effective technique, which is very useful for treating shallow scars that are raised above the surrounding skin. This treatment is not effective for the treatment of sunken scars.

  • Lasers

Laser treatment is one of the famous options for improving the appearance of rough looking
skin surface. Carbon dioxide lasers are commonly used for lightening facial discolorations and
smooth scars.

Laser treatmentLaser therapy is also useful for restoring sun-damaged skin, wrinkles and aging skin. Even though laser therapy provides immediate results, it may have some severe side effects such as redness, superficial burns, and exaggerated acne that may take several weeks to heal.

  • Punch Technique

Doctors treat deep acne scarring, such icepick and boxcar scars, using a treatment known as the punch technique. This technique involves cosmetic surgery the doctor conducts using a punch tool. The punch tool removes the scar from the skin.

While it may be the efficient treatment for deep scars, this treatment causes small scars on the skin. These scars are later improved by using other scar removing procedures such as laser therapy or microdermabrasion.

  • DrugsDrugs

Certain acne scars don’t respond well to surgery and other invasive cosmetic procedures. This is because triggering the skin surface often stimulates the formation of more acne and scars.

For this reason, many dermatologists prescribe topical retinoid creams or steroid drugs for treating such scars.

What to Do if Everything Else Fails

Every person is different and may not react positively to the treatments prescribed by doctors. Thus, it is recommended to use safe treatments to ensure a speedy and early recovery. Your skin is one of the vital organs of your body, and you do not want to damage it further.

Keeping this in mind, various panels of experts have found an effective formula that has the perfect blend of safe and effective ingredients. Scar removal cream from DermeffaceFX7.com provides users with a natural and worthwhile product to get rid of unpleasant scars and damage on the skin. Check into this amazing product today and say goodbye to those embarrassing marks.